Effect of Raw Materials Composting (Fruits and Vegetables Waste, (Tithonia Diversifolia) to Quality and Quantity of Compost

Dewilda, Yommi and Maulidya, Annisa (2017) Effect of Raw Materials Composting (Fruits and Vegetables Waste, (Tithonia Diversifolia) to Quality and Quantity of Compost. International Conference of Applied Science on Engineering, Business, Linguistics and Information Technology . pp. 344-352. ISSN 2598-2532

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Abstract

Solid waste is a major problem in most of the metropolitan areas.Composting, the oldest and simplest method of organic waste stabilization, is one of the solution for solid waste problems applied in these research. As the quality of compost depends on raw material, these research combines the fruit waste, vegetable waste, and Tithonia diversifolia as raw materials of compost. These research aims to analyze the effect of composition of compost raw material variation to obtain the most optimum variation for the composting process. The composter consists of 7 variations: variation 1 (100% fruits and vegetables waste), variation 2 (100% fruits and vegetables waste: EM4), variation 3 (90% fruits and vegeta-bles waste: 10% Tithonia diversifolia: EM4) , variation 4 (85% fruits and vegetables waste: 15% Tithonia diversifolia: EM4), variation 5 (80% fruits and vegetables waste: 20% Tithonia diversifolia: EM4), variation 6 (75% fruits and vege-tables waste: 25% Tithonia diversifolia: EM4), variations 7 (fruits and vegetables waste: 30% Tithonia diversifolia: EM4). The method was takakura aerobic composting with Takakura. The results of observation were on compos maturity parameter for temperature, humidity, reduction of materials, textures, colors, and smells has met the standard SNI 19-7030-2004 except pH parameters with composting time 5-9 days. The results of compost quality analysis including C-organic, nitrogen, C / N ratio, phosfor, and potassium is not all meet the SNI 19-7030-2004 standart. The total compost raw material of 3 liters, obtained the quantity of compost solids 0.7-0.9 kg. Based on the results of scoring bbon the maturity, quality, and quantity of compost, obtained the best variation was variation five.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:G Technology > GC Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:Luar PNP > Journal, Proceeding
ID Code:2031
Deposited By:Rahmat Hidayat
Deposited On:22 Mar 2018 13:58
Last Modified:23 Dec 2018 08:02

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